Great Synagogue of Florence Tempio Maggiore Israelitico di Firenze (Italian). Synagogue Florence Italy.JPG. Great Synagogue of Florence. Basic information. The synagogue was built between 1874 and 1882 thanks to a large donation made by David Levi, a member of the local Jewish community. His legacy was to build a synagogue worthy of Florence's beauty. The architects were Mariano Falcini, Professor Vincente Micheli, and Marco Treves, who was Jewish. Their design integrated the architectural traditions of the Islamic and Italian worlds.