State Historical Museum

The State Historical Museum is a museum of Russian history wedged between Red Square and Manege Square. Its exhibitions range from relics of prehistoric tribes that lived on the territory of present-day Russia, through priceless artworks acquired by members of the Romanov dynasty. The total number of objects in the museum's collection comes to millions. The museum was founded in 1872 by I. Zabelin, A. Uvarov and several other Slavophiles interested in promoting Russian history and national self-awareness. The present structure was built based on Sherwood's neo-Russian design between 1875 and 1881. The first 11 exhibit halls officially opened in 1883 during a visit from the Tsar and his wife.