The Statue of Giordano Bruno, created by Ettore Ferrari, was erected at Campo de' Fiori in Rome, in 1889. The inscription on the basement recites: To Bruno - the century predicted by him - here where the fire burned. The sculptor, Ettore Ferrari, was the Grand master of the Grande Oriente d'Italia, the Masonic jurisdiction of Italy, who were strong supporters of the unification of Italy over the previous Papal rule of Rome. On April 20, 1884, Pope Leo XIII published the encyclical Humanum genus. As a response, the Freemasons decided to create a statue of the pantheist Giordano Bruno.